CAN BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSE VISION LOSS?

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CAN BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSE VISION LOSS?

August 17, 2020

The short answer is yes. It’s important to know that there are many health problems such as high blood pressure that can be detected during an eye exam. Your eyes are windows to the live action of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues throughout your body.


High blood pressure (also called hypertension) affects one in three American adults and is measured by how hard your blood presses against your blood vessels as it travels through the body. Blood pressure rises when blood is met with greater resistance in the blood vessels (caused by narrower blood vessels). This is because your heart has to work much harder to pump blood out to the body.

Doppler laser imaging of the papilla of a patient with hypertension


High blood pressure is dangerous because the extra stress placed on your heart can lead to a heart attack, a stroke (when blood flow to the brain is cut off), and many other health problems. High blood pressure can also affect the eyes and is a known risk factor for:

It can also affect vision by leading to blocked veins and blocked arteries in the retina, which can cause permanent vision loss. No one knows for sure what causes high blood pressure, but known risk factors include: smoking, poor diet, being overweight, stress, and genetics.


The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that all adults get a complete eye examination at age 40. This is when early signs of disease or changes in vision may first appear. If you have risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure or a family history of eye disease, don’t delay ---- call us at (615) 340-4733 or schedule your exam online today.

CAN BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSE VISION LOSS?

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